Before reviewing a manuscript a reviewer must read the following instructions and abide with the same:
1. Summarize the article in a short paragraph. This shows the editor you have read and understood the research.
2. Give your main impressions of the article, including whether it is novel and interesting, whether it has a sufficient impact and adds to the knowledge base.
3. Point out any journal-specific points-does it adhere to the journal's standards?
4. Give specific comments and suggestions, including about layout and format, title, abstract, introduction, graphical abstracts and/or highlights, method, statistical errors, results, conclusion/discussion, language and references.
5. If you suspect plagiarism, fraud or have other ethical concerns, raise your suspicions with the editor, providing as much detail as possible. Visit our website's ethics site or the COPE guidelines for more information.
6. According to COPE guidelines, reviewers must treat any manuscripts they are asked to review as confidential documents. Since peer review is confidential, they must not share the review or information about the review with anyone without the agreement of the editors and authors involved. This applies both during and after the publication process.
7. Any suggestion that the author includes citations to reviewers' (or their associates') work must be for genuine scientific reasons and not with the intention of increasing reviewers' citation counts or enhancing the visibility of reviewers' work (or that of their associates).
8. Your recommendation
9. When you make a recommendation, it is worth considering the categories the editor most likely uses for classifying the article:
10. Reject (explain reason in report)
11. Accept without revision
12. Revise-either major or minor (explain the revision that is required, and indicate to the editor whether or not you would be happy to review the revised article)
13. The final decision lies within the purview of the editorial board.